Georgian, Victorian, Gothic & Edwardian ironwork design | Whats the difference?
Heritage ironwork designs draw heavily, but often not exclusively, on 3 main periods. The Georgian, Victorian/Gothic & Edwardian.
The Georgian period
Georgian design spans 1714-1837 and includes a period known as 'The Regency'. Within this the period broken down again into George I, II, III and IV (1, 2, 3 & 4) relating to which King George was on the throne at the time! The great city of Bath, where we spend so much time, gained its distinctive character in this period.
Georgian design is all about symmetry and proportion with relatively restrained visual elements. The focus is on harmony and uniformity. One of the most familiar addresses in the world, 10 Downing Street, is Georgian with its simple railings. They are longer than is common with 'Urn' heads on every twelfth railing. Most Georgian railings are simple designs of square or round bars topped with spiked heads.
The Victorian Gothic period
When Queen Victoria was crowned in 1837 the Victorian period began and it is closely associated with the Gothic era that dates from much earlier in Europe. The Houses of Parliament are a wonderful example of the gothic style with a riot of spires, gargoyles and colourful glass. Gothic gates and railings incorporate twisted railing bars, rosettes and ostentatious heads. Ornate infill panels complete the look for a much more complex style. Less is really not more with Victorian Gothic styles!
The Edwardian period
Queen Victoria died in 1901 and with the accession of Edward VII the Edwardian period began. Design from this era includes naturalistic elements from the 'Arts and Crafts' and sinuous lines from Art Nouveau. When blended with classical and Georgian styles the results have the best of the uniformity of the Georgian period and the more complex elements of the Victorian period.
Edwardian gates and railings will feature some intricate or ornate elements, but on a much smaller scale to that of Victorian designs. Plain bars with decorative heads or the use of occasional infill panels are common.